DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20183940

Introduction of web based e-learning in pharmacology: an innovative way

Manish Barvaliya, Ashish Anovadiya, Bhargav M. Purohit

Abstract


Background: In current scenario, poor attendances in classes and poor performances of students are a stimulus to think beyond the conventional teaching approach. Being current digital generation, students may show their affection to e-learning. Aim of this study was to introduce the e-learning in Pharmacology with objectives to evaluate its acceptability by students and faculties and learning gain of students

Methods: Four inter-related e- modules for a topic “drugs used in treatment of bronchial asthma” were prepared and provided to the students. Pre-test was conducted before giving E-modules. Students were instructed to complete the e-modules in seven days and post-test was conducted on last day. Feedbacks from students and faculties were collected. Learning gain of students was evaluated along with their acceptability for e-modules.

Results: Total of 147 students participated in the study but, 130 students completed pre-test and post-test, both. The absolute learning gain (% post-test score - % pre-test score) was found 23.3±19.2%. The class average normalized learning gain was found 0.32 (32%) that was significant, as per Hake’s criteria for the effectiveness of educational interventions. Slow speed of internet, background noise in modules, and size of e-modules were some technical problem faced by students. The most of students perceived the modules positively and demanded the e-modules for other topics. The faculties also perceived it positively and suggested to use e-modules additionally to classroom lectures.

Conclusions: E-learning modules were taken positively by students and faculties and resulted in significant learning gain.

 


Keywords


E-learning, E-modules, Medical education, Teaching-learning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gaikwad N, Tankhiwale S. Interactive E-learning module in pharmacology: a pilot project at a rural medical college in India. Perspectives Med Edu. 2014 Jan 1;3(1):15-30.

Zollner B, Sucha M, Berg C, Muß N, Amann P, Amann-Neher B, et al. Pharmacases. De-A student-centered e-learning project of clinical pharmacology. Med Teacher. 2013 Mar 1;35(3):251-3.

Tse MM, Lo LW. A Web-based e-learning course: integration of pathophysiology into pharmacology. Telemed J E-Health 2008;14(9):919-24.

Baumann-Birkbeck L, Karaksha A, Anoopkumar-Dukie S, Grant G, Davey A, et al. Benefits of e-learning in chemotherapy pharmacology education. Curr Pharma Teaching Learning. 2015 Jan 1;7(1):106-11.

Gutmann J, Kühbeck F, Berberat PO, Fischer MR, Engelhardt S, Sarikas A. Use of learning media by undergraduate medical students in pharmacology: a prospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 7;10(4):e0122624.

Kirkpatrick DL. Evaluating Training Program: The Four Level. 2nd Ed. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publisher; 1998.

Hake RR. Interactive-engagement versus traditional methods: a six-thousand-student survey of mechanics test data for introductory physics courses. Am J Physics. 1998 Jan;66(1):64-74.

Silva CS, Souza MB, Silva Filho RS, Medeiros LM, Criado PR. E-learning program for medical students in dermatology. Clinics. 2011;66(4):619-22.

Salter SM, Karia A, Sanfilippo FM, Clifford RM. Effectiveness of E-learning in pharmacy education. Am J Pharmaceut Education. 2014 May 15;78(4):83.

Ngampornchai A, Adams J. Students’ acceptance and readiness for E-learning in Northeastern Thailand. Int J Educational Technol Higher Edu. 2016 Dec;13(1):34.

Davis FD, Bagozzi RP, Warshaw PR. User acceptance of computer technology: a comparison of two theoretical models. Management Sci. 1989 Aug;35(8):982-1003.