DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20181490

Study of awareness of diabetes mellitus among diabetics and non-diabetics and drug utilisation pattern in diabetics attending tertiary care general hospital in India

Pojala Kumar, Ravi Shankar K., Krishnakanth K., Jagadeesh Alla

Abstract


Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most challenging public health problems. It is important to know about the awareness level of a disease condition in a population, which plays a vital role in future development, early detection and prevention of disease.

Methods: A total of 200 subjects were interviewed and their details were noted in a specially designed data collection form. The questionnaire contained a series of questions related to demographic characteristics and awareness of DM including general knowledge, risk factors and complications of diabetic and non-diabetic patients.

Results: Among 150 subjects were diabetic and 50 were non-diabetic. 60 (40%), 14(28%) of diabetics and non- diabetics were between the age of 41-50. 101 (67.3%) were male, 49 (32.6%) were female. 101 (67.3%) of the study participant had family history of diabetes in diabetic. 45 (44.5%) diabetic, 20 (40.81%) non-diabetic male knows the risk factor for diabetes mellitus and 35 (34.6%), 21 (42.8%) were aware of symptoms, 09(8.9%), 03(6.1%) awareness on complication of diabetes. 21 (20.7%), 06 (12.2%) doesn’t know about Risk factors.

Conclusions: The present study conclude a current situation of knowledge and awareness of diabetes mellitus and also emphasizes the need for improvement in knowledge and awareness on diabetes mellitus among the diabetic as well as non-diabetic subjects in order to achieve prevention and better control of diabetes risk factors, complications and its management.


Keywords


Attitude, Diabetic, Diabetes mellitus, Knowledge, Non-diabetic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Somannavar S, Lanthorn H, Pradeepa R, Narayanan V, Rema M, Mohan V. Prevention awareness counselling and evaluation (PACE) diabetes project: a mega multi-pronged program for diabetes awareness and prevention in south India (PACE - 5). JAPI. 2008;56:429-35.

Ramesh R, Kumar VS, Gopinath S, Gavaskar B, Gandhiji G. Diabetic knowledge of rural community and drug utilization pattern in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Pharm Life Sci. 2011;2(1):531-5.

Bharateesh JV, Ahmed M, Kokila G. Diabetes and oral health:a case-control study. Int J Prev Med. 2010;3(11):806-9.

Hoque MA, Sirajul MD, Abdul MD, Nazmulahasan H. Knowledge of diabetic complications in a diabetic population. J Med. 2009;10:90-3.

Ashok P, Jayshree S, Kharche, Aniruddha R, Joshi. Evaluation of risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus in medical students using Indian diabetes risk score. Ind J Med Sci. 2013;65(1):1-6.

Sue LL, Rati D, Thomas N, Asha HS, Vasan KS, Alex RG, et al. Healthcare planning in north-east India: a survey on diabetes awareness, risk factors and health attitudes in a rural community. JAPI. 2009;57:305-9.

Mohieldein AH, Mohammad A, Hasan M. Awareness of diabetes mellitus among Saudi nondiabetic population in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. J Diab Endocrinol. 2011;2(2):14-9.

Shashank R, Das AK, Vijay VK, Mohan V. Challenges in diabetes care in India: Sheer numbers lack of awareness and inadequate control. JAPI. 2008;56:443-50.

Omoleke SA. Chronic Non-comunicable diseases as a New epidemic in africa: focus on the gambia. Pan Afr Med J. 2013;13(87).

Mashige KP, Notshweleka A, Moodley S, Rahmtoola FH, Sayed SB, Singh S, et al. An assessment of the level of diabetic patient’s knowledge of diabetes mellitus, its complications, and management in Durban, South Africa. S Afr Optom. 2008;3:95-105.

Buckloh LM, Lochrie AS, Antal H, Milkes A, Canas JA, Hutchinson S, et al. Diabetes complications in youth: qualitative analysis of parents’ perspective of family learning and knowledge. Diab Care. 2008;31:1516-20.

Moodley LM, Rambiritch V. An assessment of the level of knowledge about diabetes mellitus among diabetic patients in a primary healthcare setting. SA Fam Pract. 2007;49:16-8.

Rani PK, Raman R, Subramani S. Knowledge of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy among rural populations in India, and the influence of knowledge of diabetic retinopathy on attitude and practice. Rural Remote Health. 2008;3:83-8.